List of Deer Resistant or Deer Proof Trees

deer damage to tree trunk and bark
Deer damage to a young tree trunk and bark

Deer are often the cause of damage to trees by two ways, eating or rubbing or both. See the List of Deer Resistant Trees below that can withstand deer damage or they are trees the deer avoid altogether.

Damage to landscape trees has become an increasing issue because of rising deer population, and the spreading of suburban development into the deer's natural habitat. There are restrictions on deer hunting and there are decreasing amounts of natural predators that are partly the cause of these increased deer populations.

Gardeners and landscapers may have to consider different methods to prevent deer damage. One solution is to use deer resistant trees, or deer proof trees. There are very few trees that are entirely deer resistant. However, some trees are less attractive to deer than others. One of the other best prevention methods against deer damage is a fence, however this may be impractical in some situations. There are plenty of deer repelling products available also.

Deer and trees

The most aesthetically pleasing way to combat the deer damage problem is to landscape with deer resistant plants. There are several reasons a plant can be deer resistant. Many plants are poisonous at some point during their growth stage, and some of the most deer resistant are poisonous at all times. The taste and digestibility also vary with plant age, growth stage and time of year.

When planning landscapes with trees, perennials and ornamental trees, it is important to research their attractiveness to deer in order to avoid browsing damage when the cold season arrives. Note; A list of deer resistant Shrubs is here.

List of Deer Resistant Trees

The list of Trees are also rated by each species resistance to deer feeding (Which Species the deer are less or more likely to eat if their favorite food is not available)

Deer Resistance Rating for Tree Species
  1. = Rarely eaten / damaged (In some geographic areas, no damage at all. Depends on the Deer)
  2. = Seldom eaten / damaged
  3. = Occasionally eaten / damaged, when no other plants are available & / or during severe winter.
List of Deer Proof Trees With Common and Botanical Names
Common Tree NameLatin Botanical Tree NameResistance Rating
Allegheny ServiceberryAmelanchier laevis2
Alternate Leaved DogwoodCornus alternifolia3
American HollyIlex opaca1
Apple TreesMalus sp.3
Aquipernyi Holly, Dragon Lady, San Jose HollyIlex × aquipernyi2
Arizona AshFraxinus velutina2
Atlantic White CedarChamaecyparis thyoides3
Atlas CedarCedrus atlantica3
Austrian PinePinus nigra2
Bald CypressTaxodium distichum3
Black LocustRobinia pseudoacacia3
Bottlebrush BuckeyeAesculus parviflora1
Brush CherrySyzygium paniculatum1
California Wax MyrtleMyrica californica1
Canada Hemlock, Eastern Hemlock, Pruche du CanadaTsuga canadensis3
Carolina Hemlock Tsuga caroliniana3
Catalina IronwoodLyonothamnus floribundus1
Chinaberry Tree, White Cedar, Bead-tree, Cape lilac, Syringa berrytree, Persian lilac, Indian lilacMelia azedarach1
Chinese Fringe TreeChionanthus retusus2
Chinese Paper BirchBetula albo-sinensis2
Colorado Blue SprucePicea pungens2
Common Flowering QuinceChaenomeles speciosa2
Common SassafrasSassafras albidurn2
Corkscrew WillowSalix matsudana tortuosa2
Cornelian CherryCornus mas3
Date PalmPhoenix dactylifera1
Dawn RedwoodMetasequoia glyptostroboides2
Deodar CedarCedrus deodara3
Douglas FirPseudotsuga menziesii2
Downy ServiceberryAmelanchier arborea2
Dracaena PalmCordyline australis1
Dwarf Alberta SprucePicea glauca 'Conica'1
Eastern Red CedarJuniperus virginiana2
Eastern White PinePinus strobus2
Edible FigFicus carica1
English HawthornCrataegus laevigata2
European AshFraxinus excelsior2
European BeechFagus sylvatica2
European White BirchBetula pendula2
False Cypress, Hinoki Cypress, Japanese Cypress, 檜 or 桧 Chamaecyparis obtusa3
Flowering DogwoodCornus florida3
Ginkgo, Maidenhair Tree Ginkgo biloba 1
Goldenrain TreeKoelreuteria paniculata2
Gordonia, Loblolly-bay, Holly-bay, BayGordonia lisianthus2 (Deer browse stump sprouts only)
Green AshFraxinus pennsylvanica2
Heritage BirchBetula nigra 'Heritage'1
Himalayan BirchBetula jacquemontii2
Himalayan Dogwood, Evergreen Dogwood, Headed-flowered Dogwood, Bentham's Cornel, Himalayan Strawberry TreeCornus capitata2
Honey LocustGleditsia triacanthos2
Horsechestnut, Common HorsechestnutAesculus hippocastanum3
Japanese Black PinePinus thunbergiana1
Japanese CedarCryptomeria japonica2
Japanese False CypressChamaecyparis pisifera2
Japanese Flowering CherryPrunus serrulata2
Japanese MapleAcer palmatum2
Japanese Red PinePinus densiflora2
Katsura TreeCercidiphyllum japonicum1
Kousa DogwoodCornus kousa2
Leyland CypressCupressocyparis leylandii3
Mescalbean, Texas mountain laurel, Texas mescalbean, Frijolito, FrijolilloSophora secundiflora1
Mexican Blue PalmErythea armata1
Mimosa, Persian silk tree, Pink silk treeAlbizia julibrissin1
Nellie Stevens HollyIlex × 'Nellie R. Stevens'3
Norway MapleAcer platanoides3
Norway SprucePicea abies2
Paper BirchBetula papyrifera1
Paperbark MapleAcer griseurn2
PawpawAsimina triloba1
Pear, Common Pear, European pearPyrus communis3
Pernyi HollyIlex pernyi3
Persimmon, American persimmonDiospyros virginiana2
Pitch PinePinus rigida1
Ponytail PalmBeaucarnea recurvata1
Red MapleAcer rubrum2
Red PinePinus resinosa1
River Birch, Black Birch, Water BirchBetula nigra1
Roughleaf DogwoodCornus drummondii2
Ruby HorsechestnutAesculus × carnea2
Russian Olive, Silver berry, Persian olive, Wild olive, OleasterElaeagnus angustifolia1
Scotch PinePinus sylvestris2
Serbian SprucePicea omorika2
ShadbushAmelanchier canadensis2
Silver MapleAcer saccharinum3
Soapbark TreeQuillaja saponaria1
SourwoodOxydendrum arboreum2
Southern Magnolia, Bull BayMagnolia grandiflora2
Staghorn SumacRhus typhina3
Striped MapleAcer pensylvanicum2
Sugar MapleAcer saccharum2
Sweet CherryPrunus avium3
SweetgumLiquidambar styraciflua3
Texas Persimmon, Mexican Persimmon, Black PersimmonDiospyros texana2
Tulip TreeLiriodendron tulipifera2
Western ArborvitaeThuja plicata3
White Fringe TreeChionanthus virginicus3
White OakQuercus alba3
White SprucePicea glauca2
Willow SpeciesSalix sp.Varies depending on Species
Windmill PalmTrachycarpus fortunei1
Yellow BirchBetula lutea2

List of Tree Names last up-dated on

A list of deer resistant Shrubs is here.