Apple Tree Names and Types, Species of Malus

Picture of a Apple Tree
Apple tree (Malus domestica)
Apple Tree in Blossom,
by Sten Porse, Picture use (cc2)
Apple tree flower
Apple tree flowers Malus domestica.
Picture by Roger Griffith

This page is an index to the different types and species of Apple tree of the Malus genus. The most used and well known apple tree is the Orchard Apple tree (Malus domestica). There are about 30 to 55 species of apple trees (depending on which type of botanical taxonomic classification method used), of which most are small flowering deciduous trees and some grow as shrubs. Species of the Malus genus are commonly known as crabapples, crab apples, crabs, or wild apples.

Apple tree appearance, leaves and flowers;
Apple trees are native to the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere. Most apple trees are 4 to 12 m (13 - 39 ft) tall at mature height, with a round crown. Most Apple leaves are 3 - 10 cm (1,3⁄16" - 3,15⁄16") long, alternate, simple, and have a serrated margin. Apple flowers are borne in corymbs, and have five petals each, which may be white, pink or red. Apple trees typically flower in the spring after 50 to 80 growing degree days (GDD), this will vary greatly according to species and cultivar.

Apple tree fruit:
The apple fruit is a globose pome, varying in size from 1 - 4 cm (0,25⁄64" - 1,37⁄64") diameter on most of the wild species, and up to 8 cm (3,5⁄32") on the cultivated Orchard apple (Malus domestica). The center of the fruit contains five carpels arranged like a star, each containing one or two seeds. Apple trees are all self-sterile, meaning self-pollination is impossible. This requires Apple trees to cross-pollinate between individuals with the help of insects such as bees. All Apple (Malus) species, hybridize naturally.

Ornamental uses of apple trees;
Crabapples are widely grown as ornamental trees, known for their beautiful flowers and or fruit, with many cultivars known for their resistance to disease.

Other uses for apple trees;
Some crabapples are used as rootstocks for Orchard apples to add beneficial characteristics, such as Siberian crab rootstock is used to give additional cold hardiness to the combined plant for orchard apples planted in cold northern areas.
Crabapple trees are also used as pollenizers in apple orchards. Some varieties of crabapple are selected to bloom contemporaneously with the apple variety in the orchard, and the crabapple trees are planted every sixth or seventh tree in each row.
The smoke from an apple wood fire is commonly used for smoking foods.
Apple wood is a good choice for cooking fires because it burns hot and slow, without producing much flame.

Facts about the Apple (Malus) Genus of Trees
List of Apple Trees, Malus Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Apple Tree Species Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Malus angustifolia Southern crabapple
Malus asiatica Chinese pearleaf crabapple
Malus baccata Siberian crabapple
Malus bracteata ¡ ?
Malus brevipes ¡ ?
Malus coronaria Sweet crabapple
Malus domesticaOrchard apple, Domestic Apple, Common Apple
Malus florentina ¡ ?
Malus floribunda Japanese crabapple
Malus formosana ¡ ?
Malus fusca Oregon crabapple or Pacific crabapple
Malus glabrata ¡ ?
Malus glaucescens ¡ ?
Malus halliana ¡ ?
Malus honanensis ¡ ?
Malus hopa Flowering crabapple
Malus hupehensis Tea crabapple
Malus ioensis Prairie crabapple
Malus kansuensis ¡ ?
Malus lancifolia ¡ ?
Malus prattii ¡ ?
Malus prunifolia ¡ ?
Malus pumila ¡ ?
Malus rockii ¡ ?
Malus sargentii ¡ ?
Malus sieboldii ¡ ?
Malus sieversii Asian wild apple or Almaty apple
Malus sikkimensis ¡ ?
Malus spectabilis ¡ ?
Malus sublobata ¡ ?
Malus sylvestris European wild apple
Malus toringoides ¡ ?
Malus transitoria ¡ ?
Malus trilobata ¡ ?
Malus tschonoskii ¡ ?
Malus yunnanensis ¡ ?

List of Tree Names last up-dated on

Names of Apple Cultivars

Crabapple Cultivars

  • Malus ×moerlandsii 'profusion' - Profusion crabapple
  • Malus ×micromalus - Midget crabapple

Domestic Apple Cultivar Names;

Dessert and eating apples;
  • Adams Pearmain
  • Ambrosia
  • Antonovka
  • Arkansas Black
  • Ashmead's Kernel
  • Aurora Golden Gala
  • Baldwin
  • Ben Davis
  • Blenheim Orange
  • Beauty of Bath
  • Belle de Boskoop
  • Braeburn
  • Brina
  • Cameo
  • Cornish Gilliflower
  • Cortland
  • Cox's Orange Pippin
  • Cripps Pink (Pink Lady)
  • Discovery
  • Egremont Russet
  • Elstar
  • Empire
  • Esopus Spitzenburg
  • Fuji
  • Gala
  • Ginger Gold
  • Golden Orange
  • Golden Delicious
  • Granny Smith
  • Gravenstein
  • Grimes Golden
  • Haralson
  • Honeycrisp
  • Idared
  • James Grieve
  • Jazz
  • Jersey Black
  • Jonagold
  • Jonathan
  • Karmijn de Sonnaville
  • Knobbed Russet
  • Liberty
  • Macoun
  • McIntosh
  • Mutsu
  • Newtown Pippin
  • Nicola
  • Papirovka
  • Paula Red
  • Pink Pearl
  • Pinova
  • Ralls Genet
  • Rambo
  • Red Delicious
  • Redlove Era
  • Rhode Island Greening
  • Ribston Pippin
  • Rome
  • Roxbury Russet
  • Rubens (Civni)
  • Sekai Ichi
  • Spartan
  • Stayman
  • Sturmer Pippin
  • Summerfree
  • SweeTango
  • Taliaferro
  • Topaz
  • Wealthy
  • York Imperial
  • Zestar
Cooking Apples;
  • Bramley
  • Calville Blanc d'hiver
  • Edward VII
  • Empire
  • Golden Noble
  • Granny Smith
  • Gravenstein
  • Grenadier
  • Jonathan
  • James Grieve
  • McIntosh
  • Newton Wonder
  • Norfolk Biffin
  • Northern Spy
  • Peasgood Nonsuch
  • Pink Lady
  • Rhode Island Greening
Cider Apples;
  • Brown Snout
  • Dabinett
  • Foxwhelp
  • Harrison Cider Apple
  • Kingston Black
  • Redstreak
  • Styre

Apple, Malus Genus Vernacular Names;

  • English: Apple
  • Авар: ГIеч
  • Azərbaycanca: Alma
  • Башҡортса: Алмағас
  • Беларуская: Яблыня
  • Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Яблыня
  • Brezhoneg: Avalenn
  • Česky: Jabloň
  • Dansk: Æble-slægten
  • Deutsch: Äpfel
  • Dolnoserbski: Jabłušcyna
  • Eesti: Õunapuu
  • Эрзянь: Умарина
  • Esperanto: Pomarbo
  • Français: Pommier
  • 한국어: 사과나무속
  • Hornjoserbsce: Jabłučina
  • Ирон: Фæткъуы бæлас
  • Italiano: Mela
  • Кырык мары: Олмаву
  • Лакку: Гьивч
  • Latina: Malus
  • Lietuvių: Obelis
  • Magyar: Alma
  • Мокшень: Марлю
  • 日本語: リンゴ属
  • Nouormand: Pommyi
  • Олык марий: Олмапу
  • Plattdüütsch: Appels
  • Polski: Jabłoń
  • Português: maçã
  • Русский: Яблоня
  • Simple English: Crabapple
  • Suomi: Omenapuut
  • Svenska: Apelsläktet
  • Tagalog: Alimangong mansanas
  • Татарча/tatarça: Алмагач
  • Türkçe: Çiçek elması
  • Удмурт: Улмопу
  • Українська: Яблуня
  • 中文: 苹果属